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Birth Control Q & A


What kind of oral contraceptives are available today?


Various oral contraceptives are available, but there are two main types: combination pills and minipills.

Combination pills have two hormones that work together to prevent ovulation: estrogen and progestin. To further deter accidental egg fertilization, combination pills also thin the lining of your uterus and thicken cervical mucus.

Minipills contain only progestin. They don't suppress ovulation like combination pills, but they do thin uterine lining and thicken cervical mucus.


When taken at the same time every day, oral contraceptives are 99% effective. Occasional missed or late doses can reduce their effectiveness.


What is an IUD?


An IUD is a uterine implant that prevents pregnancy long term. These small birth control devices have a 99% plus effectiveness rate and are one of the most reliable types of birth control available today.

There are two types of IUDs: copper and hormone. Copper IUDs such as ParaGard® prevent pregnancy by making the uterine environment toxic to sperm. Hormone IUDs like Mirena® release a kind of progestin, called levonorgestrel, to thicken cervical mucus. This hormone blocks sperm from entering the uterus and fertilizing your eggs.


What is the birth control ring?


The NuvaRing® is a flexible ring that you insert into your vagina, where it releases hormones to prevent pregnancy. The NuvaRing lasts for three weeks, and if you adhere to the strict, recommended replacement schedule, it’s as effective as oral contraceptives.

Dr. Lori can write you a prescription for NuvaRing. Then, you insert the rings at home.


What is the birth control shot?


The birth control shot, Depo-Provera®, is an intramuscular injection administered by Dr. Lori every three months. The shot has a 99.6% effectiveness rate with timely use, which is the best effectiveness rate among all hormone birth control methods.


Is there a permanent type of birth control?


Essure® is a permanent birth control method that uses small flexible implants to end fertility. Dr. Lori inserts the implants into your fallopian tubes, where they gradually build up a continuous barrier to prevent sperm from fertilizing eggs. The Essure procedure is outpatient and recovery time is minimal.


When you need help finding the best birth control solution, Dr. Lori is here for you. Make an appointment now.

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